3. Results

Discoveries
What we found out about 
Health Care

Back to Basics
A revision of what we knew before our research.

Let us tell you: What we found out about health care was COOL. And kind of depressing. But before we share it with you, we need to go back to the basics of what we had found out.

What is Health Care?
The organized provision of medical care to individuals or a community.

What kind of Health Care is there?

There are 3 kinds of health care:
  • Primary Care
    • For those who make contact with patients to take care of them
  • Secondary Care
    • For those who help patients recover but don’t meet them and 
  • Tertiary Care
    • A specialized service in which doctors and other medically qualified people carry out special medical procedures and services. (E.g important operations.)

But It’s MUCH bigger that that

Let’s start from what information we got from Mr. Ramesh. 

As we sat down in his office to interview him face-to-face, our impression of him was of a jolly man. As the interview progressed, we began to see how much he knew about the subject of health care and it was a lot compared to what we knew. Here are some key points that we have found out:

There are actually four kinds of health care:
  • Preventative Health Care
    • Health Care treatments and policies that stop potential patients from ever getting sick. (E.g. immunizations, basic hygiene, proper nutrition e.t.c.)
  • Primary Health Care
    • For patients that have minor medical problems. (E.g. Cuts, bruises, sprained body parts, mild flu e.t.c.)
  • Secondary Health Care
    • For those whom need more prolonged treatment for brief but serious medical conditions. (E.g Broken bones, childbirth, intensive care e.t.c.)
  • Tertiary Health Care
    • Specialized treatment for those whom need special care for a specific condition. (E.g. Cancer management, neurosurgery, plastic surgery e.t.c.)

There is a difference between the health care problems faced by a First World and Developing country. 

Developing countries largely do not have the basic foundation for proper health care laid out and thus suffer from communicable diseases and shortage of resources. This makes their problem easier to solve but harder to carry out.

First world countries have different set of diseases, mainly those of which are harder to cure, such as diabetes and cancer. It is mostly the lack of sufficient money that is the problem and not the distribution of resources or aid. 

Only the government of developing countries has the resources and capacity to carry out the changes needed to improve health care and make it affordable. 

You must keep in mind that our main research focus is “What can be done to bring first world health care to third world countries affordably?”. 

And now, for what you've been waiting for.

Research findings

Interview Findings

We went along and interviewed Mr. Chia, he was able to give us a better idea of what healthcare is like in developing
countries.

  • MED International helps other countries by making sure that healthcare is available for everyone. This is achieved through repairs of their old equipment and not purchases of new equipment.
  • In these developing countries, medical equipment is old, unreliable and breaks down often.
We interviewed Mr. Bali and he gave us a few Suggestions, kudos to Mr. Bali for his active support!

  • Implement preventative healthcare measures
  • Building up basic health standards such as access to clean water, access to basic medical resources and primary healthcare facilities.
  • Improvement of primary healthcare system
  • Beef up local primary healthcare facilities such as clinics. Make sure that they are ready and have the resources to service and provide healthcare.
Personal Research

We have researched and have deduced that developing countries have problems with preventative and primary healthcare services. Their primary healthcare is not developed enough in developing countries

Preventative Care

Preventative healthcare isn't implemented nor serviced well in these countries.There isn't clean water nor is proper hygiene correctly practiced in some rural villages, thus leading to the spread of diseases and unsanitary conditions which leads to more people getting sick and need to go for treatment.


Primary Care

Clinics treat minor cases, such as sprained ankle, small burns, small cuts e.t.c. and are considered under primary healthcare. Clinics are important as they help to reduce the strain on hospitals as clinics take the load off of hospitals and let them focus on patients that need more urgent medical care, such as patients with broken bones or severe burns. If they do not perform their task, they would bog down hospitals with minor medical cases, stretching the resources and time the hospital staff have and reducing their effectiveness.

Clinics also provide a better economical option for the patients as they do not cost much because doctors at clinics perform general examinations and charge less money.
But the general trend in developing countries is that clinics are understaffed, they do not have the capacity nor efficiency to treat the numerous patients with minor problems quickly.

This leads to the patients (villagers for example) distrusting clinics as they cannot heal them, then they go to hospitals to receive treatment, which will cost them more as the doctors examine the patients closely.




The locals' lack of education about the levels and purposes of healthcare resources also lead to expensive health care. Say that a family that has a sick child have heard of hospitals that can work miracles and get healed. Hence, that is where they go to get healed. This creates a problem as hospitals are strained to treat the number of people that come in, spreading their resources thin and being unable to devote time to people that really need their time and treatment instead of people that should go to clinics to get treatment.



This also leaves the resources devoted to clinics to be wasted as few people go there to get treatment.

Secondary Health Care
Like the improvement of the primary healthcare system, the secondary healthcare unit needs to be improved as well. Make sure that hospitals have the resources and capacity to heal and handle the huge influx of patients.
But why is it not getting done?

The people in control of the power and politicians are the ones making the law and the developments in their countries. They are thinking from their point of view as they are more worried about getting treatment at hospitals.

In other words, the people in power have poor knowledge or sometimes no knowledge at all of what is going on in these developing countries.



We also found out that 1st world healthcare problems have different problems from developing countries.



1st world countries usually have diseases that are harder to cure, such as cancer and diabetes because of a different lifestyles. These conditions are harder to cure, unlike malaria, which is a developing country problem that can easily be solved if the cure can be distributed to them.



Since the rich people suffer from 1st world diseases, they tend to think about building hospitals to take care of them, their children and their parents, which is not a bad thing. But they tend to forget about attending to the clinics in developing countries.


Thus, hospitals are being developed, but not clinics.


We also derived that the solutions for solving developing countries' healthcare problems are pretty simple and seem easy to do so, however the number of places that needs this to be implemented are so many, alot of discipline and enforcement is needed to maintain and get these solutions there.


This amount of resources and money can only be initiated by the government as they are the only ones with the amount of resources to do it.


Sadly, that isn't happening


Then there is also the issue with money


The poorer people still can't support themselves when they really need hospital treatment as it cost alot and creates a financial black hole.

The government can create a communal pool of money where people pay taxes or donate so if someone gets sick, part of the cost gets subsidized from this pool of money


But once again, only the government can do this
Therefore the only way these issues can improve or sit there and cry for help) is that the government takes initiative to solve these issues. The central government is the backbone of every system; it is the foundation of good healthcare. Without the full support of the central government, the situation will not be solved easily.



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